What is Fluoride?
Fluoride is an inorganic, monatomic anion with the chemical formula “F-“. Its salts and minerals are important chemical reagents and industrial chemicals, mainly used in the production of hydrogen fluoride for fluorocarbons.
Fluoride is classified as a weak base since it only partially associates in solution, but concentrated fluoride is corrosive and can attack the skin. Fluoride is the simplest fluorine anion. In terms of charge and size, the fluoride ion resembles the hydroxide ion.
Fluoride ions occur on earth in several minerals, particularly fluorite, but are present only in trace quantities in bodies of water in nature. Fluoride occurs naturally in Earth’s crust, in rocks and minerals, and in water at varying levels. It has no taste or smell and is also present in foods such as apples, tea and almonds.